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分类: LINUX

2014-11-19 14:57:36

1、UNIX Network Programming环境搭建

Unix NetWork Programming――环境搭建(解决unp.h等源码编译问题)

http://blog.csdn.net/a649518776/article/details/6724121

注:按照连接操作即可,编译要加 -lunp  选项

2、用户态和核心态的交换方式

在 linux下,要实现核心态和用户态数据的交互,有多种方式:可以通用socket创建特殊套接字,利用套接字实现数据交互;通过proc文件系统创建文 件来进行数据交互;还可以使用设备文件的方式,访问设备文件会调用设备驱动相应的例程,设备驱动本身就是核心态和用户态的一个接口,Tun/tap驱动就 是利用设备文件实现用户态和核心态的数据交互。

3、与系统错误有关的函数

(1)errno

头文件:#include

函数原型:errno

功能:记录系统的最后一次错误代码

参数:无

返回值:错误代号(整型值)

例子:

if((sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open socket /n");
        fprintf(stderr, "errno = %d /n", errno);
        fprintf(stderr, "Error description is : %s/n",strerror(errno));
        exit(1);

}
printf("Socket opened successfully /n");

(2)strerror   strerror_r

头文件:#include

函数原型:

char *strerror(int errnum);

char *_strerror(const char *strErrMsg);

wchar_t * _wcserror(int errnum);

wchar_t * __wcserror(const wchar_t *strErrMsg);

参数:errnum――错误代码,strErrMsg――用户提供的信息。

返回值:指向错误信息的指针。

例子:同(1)

(3)perror

头文件:#include #include//

函数原型:void perror(const char *s); perror ("open_port");

函数功能:

perror ( )用 来 将 上 一 个 函 数 发 生 错 误 的 原 因 输 出 到 标 准 设备 (stderr) 。参数 s 所指的字符串会先打印出,后面再加上错误原因字符串。此错误原因依照全局变量errno 的值来决定要输出的字符串。

在库函数中有个errno变量,每个errno值对应着以字符串表示的错误类型。当你调用"某些"函数出错时,该函数已经重新设置了errno的值。perror函数只是将你输入的一些信息和现在的errno所对应的错误一起输出。

参数:用户输入的字符串

返回值:无

例子:

if(( sockfd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0))<0)
    {
        perror("error");
        exit(1);
    }
    else
    {
        printf("socket created successfully!/n");
        printf("socket id:%d/n",sockfd);
        printf("remote ip:%s/n",REMOTEIP);
        printf("remote port: %d/n/n",REMOTEPORT);
    }

总结:貌似perror比较方便

4、memset

头文件:在C中 <memory.h> or 在C++中

函数原型:void *memset(void *s, int ch, size_t n);

函数功能:将s中前n个字节替换为ch并返回s;作用是在一段内存块中填充某个给定的值,它是对较大的结构体或数组进行清零操作的一种最快方法。

注:如果不用memeset清零,可能会出现野值。

5、iwreq结构体  

http://schwer.bewaff.net/code/_wireless/wireless.h

(1)头文件:#include

struct iwreq { union { char ifrn_name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* if name, e.g. "eth0" */ } ifr_ifrn; /* Data part */ union { /* Config - generic */ char name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Name : used to verify the presence of wireless extensions. * Name of the protocol/provider... */ struct iw_point essid; /* Extended network name */ struct iw_param nwid; /* network id (or domain - the cell) */ struct iw_freq freq; /* frequency or channel : * 0-1000 = channel * > 1000 = frequency in Hz */ struct iw_param sens; /* signal level threshold */ struct iw_param bitrate; /* default bit rate */ struct iw_param rts; /* RTS threshold threshold */ struct iw_param frag; /* Fragmentation threshold */ __u32 mode; /* Operation mode */ struct iw_point encoding; /* Encoding stuff : tokens */ struct iw_param power; /* PM duration/timeout */ struct sockaddr ap_addr; /* Access point address */ struct iw_point data; /* Other large parameters */ } u;};(2)struct iw_point{ caddr_t pointer; /* Pointer to the data (in user space) */ __u16 length; /* number of fields or size in bytes */ __u16 flags; /* Optional params */};struct iw_param{ __s32 value; /* The value of the parameter itself */ __u8 fixed; /* Hardware should not use auto select */ __u8 disabled; /* Disable the feature */ __u16 flags; /* Various specifc flags (if any) */};其中typedef   void*   caddr_t 即caddr_t是void*型typedef unsigned short __u16 即__u16是unsigned short型(以_t结尾的一般说明是typedef定义后的数据类型,typedef主要解决跨平台编译问题)

6、ifreq

/* Interface request structure used for socket ioctl's.  All interface
ioctl's must have parameter definitions which begin with ifr_name.
The remainder may be interface specific.  */

struct ifreq
{
# define IFHWADDRLEN 6
# define IFNAMSIZ IF_NAMESIZE
   union
     {
char ifrn_name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Interface name, e.g. "en0".  */
     } ifr_ifrn;

   union
     {
struct sockaddr ifru_addr;
struct sockaddr ifru_dstaddr;
struct sockaddr ifru_broadaddr;
struct sockaddr ifru_netmask;
struct sockaddr ifru_hwaddr;
short int ifru_flags;
int ifru_ivalue;
int ifru_mtu;
struct ifmap ifru_map;
char ifru_slave[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Just fits the size */
char ifru_newname[IFNAMSIZ];
__caddr_t ifru_data;
     } ifr_ifru;
};
# define ifr_name ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name /* interface name */
# define ifr_hwaddr ifr_ifru.ifru_hwaddr /* MAC address */
# define ifr_addr ifr_ifru.ifru_addr /* address */
# define ifr_dstaddr ifr_ifru.ifru_dstaddr /* other end of p-p lnk */
# define ifr_broadaddr ifr_ifru.ifru_broadaddr /* broadcast address */
# define ifr_netmask ifr_ifru.ifru_netmask /* interface net mask */
# define ifr_flags ifr_ifru.ifru_flags /* flags */
# define ifr_metric ifr_ifru.ifru_ivalue /* metric */
# define ifr_mtu ifr_ifru.ifru_mtu /* mtu */
# define ifr_map ifr_ifru.ifru_map /* device map */
# define ifr_slave ifr_ifru.ifru_slave /* slave device */
# define ifr_data ifr_ifru.ifru_data /* for use by interface */
# define ifr_ifindex ifr_ifru.ifru_ivalue    /* interface index      */
# define ifr_bandwidth ifr_ifru.ifru_ivalue /* link bandwidth */
# define ifr_qlen ifr_ifru.ifru_ivalue /* queue length */
# define ifr_newname ifr_ifru.ifru_newname /* New name */
# define _IOT_ifreq _IOT(_IOTS(char),IFNAMSIZ,_IOTS(char),16,0,0)
# define _IOT_ifreq_short _IOT(_IOTS(char),IFNAMSIZ,_IOTS(short),1,0,0)
# define _IOT_ifreq_int _IOT(_IOTS(char),IFNAMSIZ,_IOTS(int),1,0,0)

 

注:其中sockaddr

struct sockaddr {

uint8_t sa_len;

sa_family_t sa_family;    /*地址族:AF_XXX*/

char sa_data[14];          /*14字节协议地址*/

}

 

7、struct union

参考:http://hi.baidu.com/amoyedll/blog/item/900a811f4b515d164034176a.html

(1)

struct 和union都是由多个不同的数据类型成员组成, 但在任何同一时刻, union中只存放了一个被选中的成员, 而struct的所有成员都存在。在struct中,各成员都占有自己的内存空间,它们是同时存在的。一个struct变量的总长度等于所有成员长度之 和。在Union中,所有成员不能同时占用它的内存空间,它们不能同时存在。Union变量的长度等于最长的成员的长度。

(2)对于union的不同成员赋值, 将会对其它成员重写, 原来成员的值就不存在了,而对于struct的不同成员赋值是互不影响的。注:(1)、(2)两点是相通的,即union的成员共用一块内存(该块内存的大小是union成员中占用内存长度最长的),而struct各成员占用自己的内存空间。(3)例子

#include

void main()
{
union{                                                /*定义一个联合*/
   int i;
   struct{                                     /*在联合中定义一个结构*/
    char first;
    char second;
   }half;
}number;
number.i=0x4241; /*联合成员赋值*/
cout<<number.half.first<<number.half.second<<endl;
number.half.first='a';                  /*联合中结构成员赋值*/
number.half.second='b';
cout<<hex<<number.i<<endl; /*每一个变量前都加一个 << hex    ,并且int型可以转换,而float、double是转化不了的*/
}

输出结果为:
AB
6261

在这里i 和 half结构是共用内存
number.i=0x4241给i赋值后,内存中以二进制存储0100 0010 0100 0001
按顺序对应到结构中
halt.first=01000010   转换成10进制就是66(字母A的asc码)
halt.second=01000001 转换成10进制是65   (字母B的asc码)
所以输出后就是 AB

8、wireless.h       ioctl中有关无线网络的request请求参数

http://schwer.bewaff.net/code/_wireless/wireless.h

/* * This file define a set of standard wireless extensions * * Version : 9 16.10.99 * * Authors : Jean Tourrilhes - HPL - <jt@hpl.hp.com> */#ifndef _LINUX_WIRELESS_H#define _LINUX_WIRELESS_H/************************** DOCUMENTATION **************************//* * Basically, the wireless extensions are for now a set of standard ioctl * call + /proc/net/wireless * * The entry /proc/net/wireless give statistics and information on the * driver. * This is better than having each driver having its entry because * its centralised and we may remove the driver module safely. * * Ioctl are used to configure the driver and issue commands. This is * better than command line options of insmod because we may want to * change dynamically (while the driver is running) some parameters. * * The ioctl mechanimsm are copied from standard devices ioctl. * We have the list of command plus a structure descibing the * data exchanged... * Note that to add these ioctl, I was obliged to modify : * net/core/dev.c (two place + add include) * net/ipv4/af_inet.c (one place + add include) * * /proc/net/wireless is a copy of /proc/net/dev. * We have a structure for data passed from the driver to /proc/net/wireless * Too add this, I've modified : * net/core/dev.c (two other places) * include/linux/netdevice.h (one place) * include/linux/proc_fs.h (one place) * * Do not add here things that are redundant with other mechanisms * (drivers init, ifconfig, /proc/net/dev, ...) and with are not * wireless specific. * * These wireless extensions are not magic : each driver has to provide * support for them... * * IMPORTANT NOTE : As everything in the kernel, this is very much a * work in progress. Contact me if you have ideas of improvements... *//***************************** INCLUDES *****************************/#include /* for "caddr_t" et al */#include /* for "struct sockaddr" et al */#include /* for IFNAMSIZ and co... *//**************************** CONSTANTS ****************************//* --------------------------- VERSION --------------------------- *//* * This constant is used to know the availability of the wireless * extensions and to know which version of wireless extensions it is * (there is some stuff that will be added in the future...) * I just plan to increment with each new version. */#define WIRELESS_EXT 9/* * Changes : * * V2 to V3 * -------- * Alan Cox start some incompatibles changes. I've integrated a bit more. * - Encryption renamed to Encode to avoid US regulation problems * - Frequency changed from float to struct to avoid problems on old 386 * * V3 to V4 * -------- * - Add sensitivity * * V4 to V5 * -------- * - Missing encoding definitions in range * - Access points stuff * * V5 to V6 * -------- * - 802.11 support (ESSID ioctls) * * V6 to V7 * -------- * - define IW_ESSID_MAX_SIZE and IW_MAX_AP * * V7 to V8 * -------- * - Changed my e-mail address * - More 802.11 support (nickname, rate, rts, frag) * - List index in frequencies * * V8 to V9 * -------- * - Support for 'mode of operation' (ad-hoc, managed...) * - Support for unicast and multicast power saving * - Change encoding to support larger tokens (>64 bits) * - Updated iw_params (disable, flags) and use it for NWID * - Extracted iw_point from iwreq for clarity *//* -------------------------- IOCTL LIST -------------------------- *//* Basic operations */#define SIOCSIWNAME 0x8B00 /* Unused ??? */#define SIOCGIWNAME 0x8B01 /* get name */#define SIOCSIWNWID 0x8B02 /* set network id (the cell) */#define SIOCGIWNWID 0x8B03 /* get network id */#define SIOCSIWFREQ 0x8B04 /* set channel/frequency */#define SIOCGIWFREQ 0x8B05 /* get channel/frequency */#define SIOCSIWMODE 0x8B06 /* set operation mode */#define SIOCGIWMODE 0x8B07 /* get operation mode */#define SIOCSIWSENS 0x8B08 /* set sensitivity */#define SIOCGIWSENS 0x8B09 /* get sensitivity *//* Informative stuff */#define SIOCSIWRANGE 0x8B0A /* Unused ??? */#define SIOCGIWRANGE 0x8B0B /* Get range of parameters */#define SIOCSIWPRIV 0x8B0C /* Unused ??? */#define SIOCGIWPRIV 0x8B0D /* get private ioctl interface info *//* Mobile IP support */#define SIOCSIWSPY 0x8B10 /* set spy addresses */#define SIOCGIWSPY 0x8B11 /* get spy info (quality of link) *//* Access Point manipulation */#define SIOCSIWAP 0x8B14 /* set access point MAC addresses */#define SIOCGIWAP 0x8B15 /* get access point MAC addresses */#define SIOCGIWAPLIST 0x8B17 /* get list of access point in range *//* 802.11 specific support */#define SIOCSIWESSID 0x8B1A /* set ESSID (network name) */#define SIOCGIWESSID 0x8B1B /* get ESSID */#define SIOCSIWNICKN 0x8B1C /* set node name/nickname */#define SIOCGIWNICKN 0x8B1D /* get node name/nickname *//* As the ESSID and NICKN are strings up to 32 bytes long, it doesn't fit * within the 'iwreq' structure, so we need to use the 'data' member to * point to a string in user space, like it is done for RANGE... * The "flags" member indicate if the ESSID is active or not (promiscuous). *//* Other parameters usefull in 802.11 and some other devices */#define SIOCSIWRATE 0x8B20 /* set default bit rate (bps) */#define SIOCGIWRATE 0x8B21 /* get default bit rate (bps) */#define SIOCSIWRTS 0x8B22 /* set RTS/CTS threshold (bytes) */#define SIOCGIWRTS 0x8B23 /* get RTS/CTS threshold (bytes) */#define SIOCSIWFRAG 0x8B24 /* set fragmentation thr (bytes) */#define SIOCGIWFRAG 0x8B25 /* get fragmentation thr (bytes) *//* Encoding stuff (scrambling, hardware security, WEP...) */#define SIOCSIWENCODE 0x8B2A /* set encoding token & mode */#define SIOCGIWENCODE 0x8B2B /* get encoding token & mode *//* Power saving stuff (power management, unicast and multicast) */#define SIOCSIWPOWER 0x8B2C /* set Power Management settings */#define SIOCGIWPOWER 0x8B2D /* get Power Management settings *//* Get statistics */#define SIOCGIWSTAT 0x8B2E /* get an struct iw_statistics *//* ------------------------- IOCTL STUFF ------------------------- *//* The first and the last (range) */#define SIOCIWFIRST 0x8B00#define SIOCIWLAST 0x8B30/* Even : get (world access), odd : set (root access) */#define IW_IS_SET(cmd) (!((cmd) & 0x1))#define IW_IS_GET(cmd) ((cmd) & 0x1)/* ------------------------- PRIVATE INFO ------------------------- *//* * The following is used with SIOCGIWPRIV. It allow a driver to define * the interface (name, type of data) for its private ioctl. * Privates ioctl are SIOCDEVPRIVATE -> SIOCDEVPRIVATE + 0xF */#define IW_PRIV_TYPE_MASK 0x7000 /* Type of arguments */#define IW_PRIV_TYPE_NONE 0x0000#define IW_PRIV_TYPE_BYTE 0x1000 /* Char as number */#define IW_PRIV_TYPE_CHAR 0x2000 /* Char as character */#define IW_PRIV_TYPE_INT 0x4000 /* 32 bits int */#define IW_PRIV_TYPE_FLOAT 0x5000#define IW_PRIV_SIZE_FIXED 0x0800 /* Variable or fixed nuber of args */#define IW_PRIV_SIZE_MASK 0x07FF /* Max number of those args *//* * Note : if the number of args is fixed and the size < 16 octets, * instead of passing a pointer we will put args in the iwreq struct... *//* ----------------------- OTHER CONSTANTS ----------------------- *//* Maximum frequencies in the range struct */#define IW_MAX_FREQUENCIES 16/* Note : if you have something like 80 frequencies, * don't increase this constant and don't fill the frequency list. * The user will be able to set by channel anyway... *//* Maximum bit rates in the range struct */#define IW_MAX_BITRATES 8/* Maximum of address that you may set with SPY */#define IW_MAX_SPY 8/* Maximum of address that you may get in the list of access points in range */#define IW_MAX_AP 8/* Maximum size of the ESSID and NICKN strings */#define IW_ESSID_MAX_SIZE 32/* Modes of operation */#define IW_MODE_AUTO 0 /* Let the driver decides */#define IW_MODE_ADHOC 1 /* Single cell network */#define IW_MODE_INFRA 2 /* Multi cell network, roaming, ... */#define IW_MODE_MASTER 3 /* Synchronisation master or Access Point */#define IW_MODE_REPEAT 4 /* Wireless Repeater (forwarder) */#define IW_MODE_SECOND 5 /* Secondary master/repeater (backup) *//* Maximum number of size of encoding token available * they are listed in the range structure */#define IW_MAX_ENCODING_SIZES 8/* Maximum size of the encoding token in bytes */#define IW_ENCODING_TOKEN_MAX 32 /* 256 bits (for now) *//* Flags for encoding (along with the token) */#define IW_ENCODE_INDEX 0x00FF /* Token index (if needed) */#define IW_ENCODE_FLAGS 0xF000 /* Flags defined below */#define IW_ENCODE_DISABLED 0x8000 /* Encoding disabled */#define IW_ENCODE_ENABLED 0x0000 /* Encoding enabled */#define IW_ENCODE_RESTRICTED 0x4000 /* Refuse non-encoded packets */#define IW_ENCODE_OPEN 0x2000 /* Accept non-encoded packets *//* Power management flags available (along with the value, if any) */#define IW_POWER_ON 0x0000 /* No details... */#define IW_POWER_TYPE 0xF000 /* Type of parameter */#define IW_POWER_PERIOD 0x1000 /* Value is a period/duration of */#define IW_POWER_TIMEOUT 0x2000 /* Value is a timeout (to go asleep) */#define IW_POWER_MODE 0x0F00 /* Power Management mode */#define IW_POWER_UNICAST_R 0x0100 /* Receive only unicast messages */#define IW_POWER_MULTICAST_R 0x0200 /* Receive only multicast messages */#define IW_POWER_ALL_R 0x0300 /* Receive all messages though PM */#define IW_POWER_FORCE_S 0x0400 /* Force PM procedure for sending unicast */#define IW_POWER_REPEATER 0x0800 /* Repeat broadcast messages in PM period *//****************************** TYPES ******************************//* --------------------------- SUBTYPES --------------------------- *//* * Generic format for most parameters that fit in an int */struct iw_param{ __s32 value; /* The value of the parameter itself */ __u8 fixed; /* Hardware should not use auto select */ __u8 disabled; /* Disable the feature */ __u16 flags; /* Various specifc flags (if any) */};/* * For all data larger than 16 octets, we need to use a * pointer to memory alocated in user space. */struct iw_point{ caddr_t pointer; /* Pointer to the data (in user space) */ __u16 length; /* number of fields or size in bytes */ __u16 flags; /* Optional params */};/* * A frequency * For numbers lower than 10^9, we encode the number in 'm' and * set 'e' to 0 * For number greater than 10^9, we pide it by the lowest power * of 10 to get 'm' lower than 10^9, with 'm'= f / (10^'e')... * The power of 10 is in 'e', the result of the pision is in 'm'. */struct iw_freq{ __u32 m; /* Mantissa */ __u16 e; /* Exponent */ __u8 i; /* List index (when in range struct) */};/* * Quality of the link */struct iw_quality{ __u8 qual; /* link quality (%retries, SNR or better...) */ __u8 level; /* signal level */ __u8 noise; /* noise level */ __u8 updated; /* Flags to know if updated */};/* * Packet discarded in the wireless adapter due to * "wireless" specific problems... */struct iw_discarded{ __u32 nwid; /* Wrong nwid */ __u32 code; /* Unable to code/decode */ __u32 misc; /* Others cases */};/* ------------------------ WIRELESS STATS ------------------------ *//* * Wireless statistics (used for /proc/net/wireless) */struct iw_statistics{ __u16 status; /* Status * - device dependent for now */ struct iw_quality qual; /* Quality of the link * (instant/mean/max) */ struct iw_discarded discard; /* Packet discarded counts */};/* ------------------------ IOCTL REQUEST ------------------------ *//* * The structure to exchange data for ioctl. * This structure is the same as 'struct ifreq', but (re)defined for * convenience... * * Note that it should fit on the same memory footprint ! * You should check this when increasing the above structures (16 octets) * 16 octets = 128 bits. Warning, pointers might be 64 bits wide... */struct iwreq { union { char ifrn_name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* if name, e.g. "eth0" */ } ifr_ifrn; /* Data part */ union { /* Config - generic */ char name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Name : used to verify the presence of wireless extensions. * Name of the protocol/provider... */ struct iw_point essid; /* Extended network name */ struct iw_param nwid; /* network id (or domain - the cell) */ struct iw_freq freq; /* frequency or channel : * 0-1000 = channel * > 1000 = frequency in Hz */ struct iw_param sens; /* signal level threshold */ struct iw_param bitrate; /* default bit rate */ struct iw_param rts; /* RTS threshold threshold */ struct iw_param frag; /* Fragmentation threshold */ __u32 mode; /* Operation mode */ struct iw_point encoding; /* Encoding stuff : tokens */ struct iw_param power; /* PM duration/timeout */ struct sockaddr ap_addr; /* Access point address */ struct iw_point data; /* Other large parameters */ } u;};/* -------------------------- IOCTL DATA -------------------------- *//* * For those ioctl which want to exchange mode data that what could * fit in the above structure... *//* * Range of parameters */struct iw_range{ /* Informative stuff (to choose between different interface) */ __u32 throughput; /* To give an idea... */ /* In theory this value should be the maximum benchmarked * TCP/IP throughput, because with most of these devices the * bit rate is meaningless (overhead an co) to estimate how * fast the connection will go and pick the fastest one. * I suggest people to play with Netperf or any benchmark... */ /* NWID (or domain id) */ __u32 min_nwid; /* Minimal NWID we are able to set */ __u32 max_nwid; /* Maximal NWID we are able to set */ /* Frequency */ __u16 num_channels; /* Number of channels [0; num - 1] */ __u8 num_frequency; /* Number of entry in the list */ struct iw_freq freq[IW_MAX_FREQUENCIES]; /* list */ /* Note : this frequency list doesn't need to fit channel numbers */ /* signal level threshold range */ __s32 sensitivity; /* Quality of link & SNR stuff */ struct iw_quality max_qual; /* Quality of the link */ /* Rates */ __u8 num_bitrates; /* Number of entries in the list */ __s32 bitrate[IW_MAX_BITRATES]; /* list, in bps */ /* RTS threshold */ __s32 min_rts; /* Minimal RTS threshold */ __s32 max_rts; /* Maximal RTS threshold */ /* Frag threshold */ __s32 min_frag; /* Minimal frag threshold */ __s32 max_frag; /* Maximal frag threshold */ /* Power Management duration & timeout */ __s32 min_pmd; /* Minimal PM duration */ __s32 max_pmd; /* Maximal PM duration */ __s32 min_pmt; /* Minimal PM timeout */ __s32 max_pmt; /* Maximal PM timeout */ /* Encoder stuff */ __u16 encoding_size[IW_MAX_ENCODING_SIZES]; /* Different token sizes */ __u8 num_encoding_sizes; /* Number of entry in the list */ __u8 max_encoding_tokens; /* Max number of tokens */};/* * Private ioctl interface information */ struct iw_priv_args{ __u32 cmd; /* Number of the ioctl to issue */ __u16 set_args; /* Type and number of args */ __u16 get_args; /* Type and number of args */ char name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Name of the extension */};#endif /* _LINUX_WIRELESS_H */ 

9、ioctl获取ESSID 和AP的MAC

/***************code description***************
get current connecting ESSID and its AP's MAC.
by fys 2012/8/9
****************code description***************/
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
using namespace std;

#define IW_INTERFACE "wlan0"

extern int errno;
struct iwreq wreq;

int main (void)
{
    int i;
    int sockfd;
    memset(&wreq, 0, sizeof(struct iwreq));
    sprintf(wreq.ifr_name, IW_INTERFACE);//?
    /*create a socket to get info from ioctl*/
    if((sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) == -1) {
        //fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open socket /n");
        //fprintf(stderr, "errno = %d /n", errno);
        //fprintf(stderr, "Error description is : %s/n",strerror(errno));
        perror("Cannot creat socket,error");
        exit(1);
    }
    else {
        printf("Socket opened successfully /n");
    }
    /*create a socket to get info from ioctl*/

    char buffer[32];
    memset(buffer, 0, 32);
    wreq.u.essid.pointer = buffer;//if not write these codes , the program maybe wrong.
    wreq.u.essid.length = 32;

    /*get ESSID from ioctl*/
    if (ioctl(sockfd,SIOCGIWESSID, &wreq) == -1) {
        perror("IOCTL SIOCGIWESSID Failed,error");
        exit(2);
    }
    else {
        printf("IOCTL SIOCGIWESSID Successfull/n");
    }
    /*get ESSID from ioctl*/
    /*output current connecting essid*/
    printf("%s/n",wreq.u.essid.pointer);
    /*output current connecting essid*/
    /*get AP info from ioctl*/
    if (ioctl(sockfd,SIOCGIWAP, &wreq) == -1) {
        perror("IOCTL SIOCGIWAP Failed,error");
        exit(2);
    }
    else {
        printf("IOCTL SIOCGIWAP Successfull/n");
    }
    /*get AP info from ioctl*/

    /* output current connecting AP MAC*/
    for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
        unsigned char *APaddr = (unsigned char *) wreq.u.ap_addr.sa_data;
        printf("%02x", (int) APaddr[i]);//mac[i] means 1 byte ,i.e. 8 bits.
        if (i != 5)
            printf("%c", ':');
         else
            printf("/n");
    }
    /* output current connecting AP MAC*/
}

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